The current model for provision of services for people as they get older is no longer relevant or appropriate and does not meet the needs or expectations of older people or their families now, and will not in the future. Consider these facts:
• 50% of women and 40% of men aged 65 years in 2008 will be placed in an aged care residential facility before they die;
• There will be a fourfold increase in demand for aged care services over the next generation;
• The majority of residential care facilities operated at a loss in 2007;
• 60% of people aged 70 and older have expressed a clear preference to remain in their own homes supported by a range of services
• Many facilities cannot operate at full capacity due to staffing shortages, despite strong demand;
• Staff shortages are compounded by frustration with regulation and compliance burdens diverting staff time from delivering quality care and promoting quality of life for residents to administrative tasks.
This submission is premised on the view that all Australians have a right to live a decent life, which we define as being able to access appropriate food, clothing and healthcare; safe and secure housing; meaningful work, education, rest and enjoyment; and the opportunity to participate in and contribute to communities.
Australia’s response to climate change is fundamentally an issue of justice and equity, both within Australia and across the community of nations. Scientific evidence of climate change (as summarised in the Garnaut report) makes a compelling case that failure to achieve deep reductions in global emissions would be a humanitarian disaster. Stabilisation of greenhouse gasses at the more ‘pragmatic’ level of around 550ppm is unlikely to avoid dangerous levels of climate change in Australia, or protect vulnerable nations and communities around the world.
UnitingCare Australia recognises that uncontrolled climate change would raise significant moral and distributional issues, and supports Australia playing a leading role in global action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Australia’s existing employment services system was formulated in a time when unemployment was upwards of nine per cent and geared to those circumstances. In the current booming economy, the employment market is fundamentally different and UnitingCare Australia believes a completely new model of employment service delivery needs to be adopted by Government to address the multiple barriers and provide the various supports required to assist the remaining three to four per cent of Australians left unemployed into sustained employment. These multiple barriershave similar characteristics i.e. social dislocation, high levels of discrimination and poor education outcomes and are experienced within a complex variety of specific geographical, cultural and social contexts.
The recommendations contained within this paper include a preferred model of service delivery which will deal structurally with issues currently impacting the government funded employment service arrangements. The model is part of an integrated representation of the reality of employment support for Australians, particularly those suffering significant disadvantage and have multiple barriers to employment.
The Australian Fair Pay Commission (AFPC) is the latest institution to be created by the Commonwealth Government in the industrial relations arena and is one of the key pillars of the Workplace Relations Amendment (Work Choices) Act 2005, No 153.
The UnitingCare housing network discussed the call from FACSIA for information on models to increase the supply of social housing. In responding to this call the network was very concerned that FACSIA had not addressed the underlying principles and policy considerations which underpin any project undertaken in this area.
Overall, the major changes in the labour market during the past five years have been positive for workers with disabilities. These changes can be attributed to the dual phenomenon of ageing in the population, and continuing economic growth, both of which increase labour demand. The Australian context is characterised by low inflation, consecutive years of economic growth averaging 4% per annum, successive surpluses in both Federal and State budgets, low official unemployment at 4.5% and anecdotal reports of emerging shortages of both skilled and unskilled workers in most industries (Waghorn et al., 2007).
The various reviews into employment services and related areas shows that for disadvantaged job seekers, in particular people with disabilities who have high support needs, the current system has not delivered improved employment outcomes.